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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1989;11(2): 198-208.
전국 남자 중.고등학생들의 2년간의 흡연력 비교 (1988-1989)
이해숙, 김일순, 서일
A comparative study on cigarette smoking of male students in middle and high school in Korea (1988-1989)
Hae Sook Lee, Il Soon Kim, Il Suh
Abstract
In order to examine the actual condition of smoking, the change of knowledge and attitude on smoking of the male students attending middle and high school in Korea, the surveys were performed twice ranging from 1988 to 1989. The male students in middle and high school were selected by a random sampling method and surveyed by mail. In this survey, the number of classes of middle and high schools in Korea was a sampling unit, and the classes were selected in proportion to each city and each county. The total number of respondents was 3,055 in 1989(1,602 of middle school students, 1,453 of high school students). The results obtained from the data analysis are as follows; 1. The ratio of smoker in 1989 was 1.5% among middle school students and 32.0% among high school students. The ratio of current smokers and experienced among middle school students has increased from 18.7% to 24.5% and among high school students the ratio has increased by 58.0%. The ratio of smoking among high school students was on the increase significantly as the grade becomes higher. Especially, in the case of third grade high school students, the ratio of smokers who have ever experienced smoking was 72.4%. This result showed that there was little change in the case of middle school students in comparision the first survey(1.8%), while in the case of high school students the ratio has increased by 8.1% in comparision with the first survey(23.9%). 2. With respect to the area, the number of current smokers and experienced among middle and high school students was higher in county then in city. This result showed difference from the first survey in which the number of current smokers and experienced among middle school students was higher in city than in county. 3. In the respect of whether or not there is a smoker among the number of a family, the ratio was 72.3% in middle school students and 75.1% in high school students. This result showed that the ratio of current smoking and the past experience of smoking were significantly higher among the students who had a smoker in their family. 4. In the first survey, the strongest motivation of smoking among middle school students was “from curiosity” and the next was “to join with the friends”while in the second survey the strongest motivation was “from curiosity"(36.4%) and the next was “to release stress”. In the case of high school students strongest motivation in the first survey was “to release stress”(31.0%),while in the second survey the ratio of “from curiosity”(31.4%) was the highest. 5. The average number of cigarette per day among middle school students was less than 5(60.0%), and this result was same as the first survey. In the case of high school students the average number of cigarettes per day was 6-10 in the first survey, but in the second survey it changed to less than 5(45.9%). 6. The most preferred cigarette among the current smokers was “Eighty-eight”(40.9%) in middle school students, which is same as the first survey. But in the case of high school students the preference tendency has changed from “Sol”(52.2%) to “Eighty-eight(76.0%). The tendency to prefer a foreign cigarette of high school students was significantly higher in cities than in counties. 7. Almost all of the middle and high school students knew about the harmful effect of smoking on health and only 1.2% of middle school students and 2.5% of high school students answered that smoking did not affect our health. In their attitudes on smoking, 79.2% of middle school students and 46.6% of high school students regarded smoking as undesirable behavior, because it can do harm to themselves and other people. This result is almost same as the first survey. 8. Most of current smokers wanted to give up smoking(77.3% of middle school students and 79.1% of high school students) in the same manner as the first survey because of the harmful effect of cigarette smoking on health.


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