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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 1988;10(2): 210-218.
국군 병사들의 금연교육에 의한 지식, 태도 및 행동의 변화
심영숙, 박정한
Effect of anti-smoking education on knowledge, attitude and behavior of cigarette smoking of enlisted men
Young Sook Shim, Jung Han Park
Abstract
To test the effect of anti-smoking education on knowledge, attitude and behavior of cigarette smokers, a pre-test questionnaire was administered to all of 192 enlisted men of two army units in the vicinity of Taegu in December, 1986. After the pre-test, anti-smoking education that composed of slide show for one hour in the first day and video-tape for one hour in the next day was done for 97 enlisted men in one unit (experimental group) while 95 enlisted men of the other unit (control group) were left alone. A post-test questionnaire was administered to all of the enlisted men of both units four weeks after the pre-test. The percentage of correct answers to the questions pertaining to the health effect of smoking in the pre-test was 54.8% for the experimental group and 56.6% for the control group. There was no significant correlation between the level of knowledge of smoking and the education level of enlisted men. The percentage of correct answers in the post-test (the same questionnaire as the pre-test) was 78.2% for the experimental group which was a significant change and it was 56.4% for the control group. After the anti-smoking education, 12.5% of the men who smoked 10 cigarettes or less per day and 15.4% of the men who smoked 11-20 cigarettes had stopped smoking but none of the men who smoked over 21 cigarettes stopped smoking. Besides, 50.0% of smokers of 10 cigarettes or less per day, 72.3% of smokers of 11-20 cigarettes and 87.6% of smokers of 21 cigarettes had reduced the number of cigarettes they smoked. Changes in the amount of smoking after anti-smoking education had no relationship with the education level and knowledge of smoking of the enlisted men but a significantly higher percentage of th men who had an intention or will to stop smoking had stopped smoking or reduced smoking amount than those who had no such intention or will. However, two-thirds of the men who had no intention or will to stop smoking had either stopped smoking or reduced smoking amount after the anti-smoking education. Major reason for stop smoking was the increased concern about the health hazards of cigarettes smoking. These findings indicate that a short anti-smoking education stimulates the smokers to stop smoking or reduce smoking amount significantly and the change of smoking behavior is not much related with the knowledge of smokings, educational level and duration of smoking but related with number of cigarettes smoked per day and intention or will to stop smoking, thus, anti-smoking education should focus on motivating the smokers to stop smoking.


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