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Korean Journal of Epidemiology 2003;25(1): 32-38.
Epidemiological Comparison of viral hepatitis-hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and non viral hepatitis-hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).
Pae Gun Park, Song Gyu Yoon, Hee Sup Lee, Jin Kun Jang, Ju Hee Maeng, Gee Hyun Lee, Jong Soo Choi
Department of Internal Medicine, Gangneung Asan HospitalCollege of Medicine. Ulsan University. r000040@freechal.com
BACKGROUND: Korea is one of high incidence areas of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and major etiologic factor is hepatitis B virus (HBV). In future incidence of HBV related HCC may decrease and non viral hepatitis HCC (Non-B,C HCC) relatively increase because of widely used vaccination for HBV. To evaluate epidemiological characters of Non-B,C HCC, We divided HCC by viral or non-viral feature and compared each others.
185 patients firstly diagnosed HCC and 455 normal subjects included from January 1997 to December 2000 and divided into 3 groups, HBV group (positive HBsAg), HCV group (positive anti-HCV Ab) and Non-B,C group (both negative HBsAg and anti-HCV Ab).
136 cases were HBV group (73.5%), 19 cases were HCV group (10.3%) and 27 cases were Non-B,C group (14.6%). Mean age of Non-B,C group at diagnosis was higher than HBV group (64.1+/-7.1 vs 55.6+/-7.7). Non-B,C HCC were more associated with alcohol abuse and rural residence (p<0.01). There was no difference of family history of liver disease, coexistence rate of liver cirrhosis and occupation.
Non-B,C HCC tended to be older in mean age than HBV HCC and more associated with alcohol abuse and rural residence. This characteristics of Non-B,C HCC supposed to be from difference in alcohol consumption and environment.
Keywords: Viral hepatitis; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Non B,C-hepatocellular carcinoma
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